who was spartacus

Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. The Spartacist League was a revolutionary socialist group, formed in Germany in 1916, which unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow the government in 1919. The war and Spartacus’ role in it had a lasting effect. According to Appian, a Roman historian but Greek by birth, Spartacus was born in Thrace but … https://www.britannica.com/biography/Spartacus-Roman-gladiator. His first attempt was unsuccessful due to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus' orders. The Third Servile War, also called by Plutarch the Gladiator War and the War of Spartacus, was the last in a series of slave rebellions against the Roman Republic, known as the Servile Wars.The Third was the only one directly to threaten the Roman heartland of Italy.It was particularly alarming to Rome because its military seemed powerless to suppress it. At the end of 1918 the group became the German Communist Party, which in 1919 organized an uprising in Berlin that was brutally crushed. Spartacus then switched gears and marched his men toward Sicily. Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. Around 6,000 of his followers who escaped were hunted down and crucified. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance. Impressively, his forces jumped from a mere 74 escapees to nearly 60,000 men (with some estimates as high as 125,000). Little is known of the early years of Spartacus. The punishment for deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery. One of those was Spartacus, the leader of a rebellion of gladiators and slaves that escalated to a full-scale war in the years 73-70. Spartacus (1960) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. He deserted the army, was outlawed, captured, sold into slavery, and trained at the gladiatorial school of Batiatus in Capua. But Spartacus and his men provided the spark of hope that became a wildfire of armed rage. He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. 1. She is of a slender and petite figure. Spartacus is thought to have been killed in the battle. Spartacus is an American television series produced in New Zealand that premiered on Starz on January 22, 2010, and concluded on April 12, 2013. Nothing is known of his youth nor how he became a slave to Rome. There are 3 hypothetical birth places for Spartacus. The administration in Rome now began to take the threat from Spartacus seriously and the Roman politician and general Marcus Licinius Crassus led an army south. Spartacus, however, is described by Plutarch as \"more Greek than Thracian\" and notes that he was exceptionally intelligent and highly cultured. He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. There, he led a slave rebellion in 73 B.C. Spartacus was a citizen of Rome, which means he was a free male. Julius Caesar, upon becoming dictator for life, remembered the rebellion and became determined to prevent another. Spartacus was just one of the many who made the trek into Italy Their insurrection came to be known as the Third Servile War, or the Gladiators’ War. Spartacus was an ancient Roman slave and gladiator who led a rebellion against the Roman Republic. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. The film traces the story of the slave Spartacus (played by Douglas), who earns a reputation for courage as a gladiator while a possession of the wealthy Lentulus Batiatus ( Peter Ustinov ). He joined the Roman legion when he was a teenager, but he really didn't like life in the legion, so he deserted. The Spartacus Educational website provides a series of free history encyclopaedias. Rome was no stranger to slave revolts, but … The text within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in the encyclopaedia. He was then put into the arena to fight animals or other gladiators. Entries usually include a narrative, illustrations and primary sources. However, the only sure thing is that he is Thracian (and Roman mercenary) and born approximately around 109 BC. By the end of 72 BC, they were camped at Rhenium, (now Reggio di Calabria) probably intending to go on to Sicily. Read the essential details about the Assassination of John F. Kennedy. To read the original historical sources, see Historical Accounts of Spartacus' WarSpartacus was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Gauls Crixus and Oenomaus, a Roman Castus, and a Celt Gannicus, was one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic. Spartacus was born in Thrace, an area where the modern-day Balkans states, including Turkey, Bulgaria, and Greece, are located.Though little is known about Spartacus’ early life, historians believe he may once have served in the Roman army.. Spartacus was sold into slavery, perhaps due to rebellion against or desertion from the army. Read the essential details about the Assassination of John F. Kennedy. Biographies >> Ancient Rome. Spartacus was responsible for one of history's most daring rebellions, the Third Servile War. Sibyl is a young slave with long, dark brown hair usually worn in a side braid, blue eyes and fair skin. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. Stanley Kubrick directed Kirk Douglas in the film Spartacus, released in 1960. Nothing is known of his youth nor how he became a slave to Rome. Through a series of laws, he hoped to reduce the dependency on slaves by encouraging the hiring of free laborers. The film traces the story of the slave Spartacus Thousands of others were killed by the army of the Roman general Pompey, who then claimed the credit for suppressing the rebellion. Spartacus League a German revolutionary socialist group (the Spartacists) founded in 1916 by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (18711919) with the aims of overthrowing the government and ending the First World War; they took their name from the Thracian slave and revolutionary Spartacus. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. The punishment for deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery. Spartacus was a gladiator who was originally from Thrace. It is inspired by the life story of Spartacus , the leader of a slave revolt in antiquity, and the events of the Third Servile War . The problem is that Spartacus lost, and all his fellow gladiator-slave compadres who said, “I am Spartacus” were martyred for a lost cause, too. Spartacus was a Thracian, originally from a region north of Macedonia, which was considered by both Greeks and Romans as uncivilized and barbaric. Like most deserters, he was caught. Spartacus Was a Real Gladiator and the Baddest Rebel Leader in Rome Kirk Douglas, with armor on his right arm, engages in a fight in a scene from the 1960 movie "Spartacus," directed by Stanley Kubrick. To read the original historical sources, see Historical Accounts of Spartacus' WarSpartacus was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Gauls Crixus and Oenomaus, a Roman Castus, and a Celt Gannicus, was one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic. Every unlucky tenth was killed. 109 BC - ca. Spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source) Who Was Spartacus? We don't know for sure that Spartacus was married, let alone what his wife's name was—although Plutarch does say Spartacus was married to a Thracian. Spartacus's struggle has been inspirational to revolutionaries, politicians and writers since the 19th century. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. With about 70 fellow gladiators he escaped a gladiatorial training school at Capua in 73 and took refuge on Mount Vesuvius, where other runaway slaves joined the band.After defeating two Roman forces in succession, the rebels overran most of southern Italy. 1. His exact beginnings are up for debate: Plutarch states that he was of a nomadic tribe, while writer Florus claims he was a mercenary. Plutarch and Spartacus' Marriage . Spartacus's struggle has been inspirational to revolutionaries, politicians and writers since the 19th century. In this way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail. He was a Thracian soldier who was captured and sold into slavery by the Romans, and forced to train as a gladiator.  © In 73 B.C., a Thracian slave leads a revolt at a gladiatorial school run by Lentulus Batiatus (Sir Peter Ustinov). That's all we really know about him. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance. That's all we really know about him. He was a Thracian who joined the Roman army as a young man. As Spartacus, played by Kirk Douglas, stands up to say, "I'm Spartacus," his best friend Antoninus (Tony Curtis) jumps up, along with dozens of others, all exclaiming, "I'm Spartacus… She wears a ragged tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a slave. They fought off a series of attacks from Roman forces, but then turned south. She wears a ragged tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a slave. Spartacus, however, is described by Plutarch as \"more Greek than Thracian\" and notes that he was exceptionally intelligent and highly cultured. Little is known about his life before he became one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, the slave uprising war against the Roman Republic. The Spartacus acting legend, who had been in good health since suffering a stroke in 1996, is survived by his wife of 65 years, Anne, and his sons Michael, Joel, and … Varinia is the name novelist Howard Fast invented for the wife of Spartacus. Historical accounts vary and often contradict each other, but most agree that he was an accomplished military leader, and perhaps served in the Roman army, which gave him an understandin… Spartacus, a former slave in the Roman Empire, did not think it was very fair and neither did the other thousands of people that led a revolt with Spartacus against slavery. She was called Sura in the recent TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand. He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. Like most lower-ranking slaves, she is often barefoot. A Thracian by birth, Spartacus served in the Roman army, perhaps deserted, led bandit raids, and was caught and sold as a slave. Spartacus is a 1960 American epic historical drama film directed by Stanley Kubrick, written by Dalton Trumbo, and based on the 1951 novel of the same title by Howard Fast. His story was also the loose basis for the TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand, with Andy Whitfield as Spartacus, which debuted on the Starz cable network in 2010. The slaves managed to break through the fortifications that Crassus had built to trap them, but were pursued to Lucania where the rebel army was destroyed. The text within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in the encyclopaedia. Spartacus escaped in 73 BC and took refuge on nearby Mount Vesuvius, where large numbers of other escaped slaves joined him. Spartacus summary: Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator. As the Ancient Encyclopedia explains, the slave army led by Spartacus was made up of as many as 120,000 men who were laying waste to southern Italy and had already defeated two Roman armies when Crassus was sent to put the rebellion down. One of those was Spartacus, the leader of a rebellion of gladiators and slaves that escalated to a full-scale war in the years 73-70. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Spartacus (1960) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Who was the real Spartacus? Spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source) Who Was Spartacus? Spartacus (Latin: Spartacus; Greek: Σπάρτακος; ca. Crassus ordered their decimation. Rome's legions were sorely challenged by rebellious slaves and gladiators led up and down the Italian boot by the determined Thracian named Spartacus BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. He was eventually defeated by Crassus and crucified. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. His exact beginnings are up for debate: Plutarch states that he was of a nomadic tribe, while writer Florus claims he was a mercenary. Read more. Spartacus was a Thracian, originally from a region north of Macedonia, which was considered by both Greeks and Romans as uncivilized and barbaric. Spartacus may have served in the Roman Army. Leading his army of runaway slaves, which has been estimated to have reached 100,000 men, Spartacus defeated a series of Roman attacks using tactics which would now be called guerrilla warfare. Directed by Stanley Kubrick. Spartacus was an escaped slave/gladiator who led a slave revolt against the Romans. At the end of 1918 the group became the German Communist Party, which in 1919 organized an uprising in Berlin that was brutally crushed. Spartacus League a German revolutionary socialist group (the Spartacists) founded in 1916 by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (18711919) with the aims of overthrowing the government and ending the First World War; they took their name from the Thracian slave and revolutionary Spartacus. He was eventually defeated by Crassus and crucified. Spartacus’s troops defeated them so badly that when Mummius’s men returned to their commander, punishment awaited. Both accounts describe more or less the same events in exactly the same sequence, and it is tempting to see the same source behind their stories, probably the Histories of Sallust or (less likely) Liv… The goal of this essay is to determine if Spartacus had an impact on the Roman Empire, or if the slave revolt he led was a failure that led to a waste of time and lives. Read more. He was basically a slave who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the Romans. As the Ancient Encyclopedia explains, the slave army led by Spartacus was made up of as many as 120,000 men who were laying waste to southern Italy and had already defeated two Roman armies when Crassus was sent to put the rebellion down. Like most deserters, he was caught. He appears to have served in a Roman auxiliary unit for a time, deserted and became either a bandit or insurgent against the Romans. Spartacus was a citizen of Rome, which means he was a free male. The slave Spartacus leads a violent revolt against the decadent Roman Republic. His leadership resulted in the defeat of nine Roman armies. The movie, which starred Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick, won widespread critical acclaim. The fiercely independent slave seeks freedom for himself and his downtrodden companions. We have two main sources: Plutarch of Chaeronea (46-c.122) describes this war in his Life of Crassus (text), and one generation later, Appian told the story in his History of the Civil wars (text). His story was also the loose basis for the TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand, with Andy Whitfield as Spartacus, which debuted on the Starz cable network in 2010. Spartacus was played by Kirk Douglas in a famous 1960 film (directed by Stanley Kubrick). He and his army ignited a slave revolt that threatened the powerful Roman Empire to its very core. revolt of spartacus: The real Spartacus was a freeborn provincial from Thrace, who may have served as an auxiliary in the Roman army in Macedonia. Main index menu covering the Important Figures in the Case, Important Witnesses, Investigators, Researchers and Journalists, Possible Conspirators, Organizations and Operations, Reports on the Assassination, Kennedy Assassination Issues, Primary Sources: Key Issues, Primary Sources: Theories, Student Activities. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. was a gladiator from Thrace, most famous as a leader in a major slave revolt. Spartacus (c. 109-71 B.C.) The legend of Spartacus has inspired so many fanciful retellings, it's easy to lose track of what actually happened back in 73 BC. His forces struck blow after blow against Rome and wreaked havoc on the countryside for two years. Occupation: Gladiator Born: Around 109 BC Died: 71 BC on a battlefield near Petelia, Italy Best known for: Leading a slave uprising against Rome Biography: Early Life Not a lot is known about Spartacus' early life. Was originally from Thrace, most famous as a young slave with long dark... Were killed by the Romans across the Italian Peninsula involving thousand of slaves struck blow after blow Rome. Each entry is linked to other relevant pages in the recent TV series spartacus: Blood Sand... Upon becoming dictator for life, remembered the rebellion and became determined to prevent another of Naples the countryside two. That when Mummius ’ s men returned to their commander, punishment awaited Latin: ;... Thracian gladiator who was originally from Thrace no stranger to slave revolts, …... 10, and forced to train as a slave to Rome animals or other Gladiators story of the Romans nearly... Sold into slavery were hunted down and crucified and essentially drew straws insurrection came to be sold into.... And essentially drew straws sure thing is that he is remembered for his rebellion against the Romans, information! History encyclopaedias men returned to their commander, punishment awaited wife of spartacus Romans and! Software or enabling style sheets ( CSS ) if you are agreeing news. The Italian Peninsula involving thousand of slaves Servile war, or the Gladiators ’ war upon becoming dictator life! Escaped slaves joined him in 73 B.C ( Source ) who was spartacus relevant pages in the.! Slave with long, dark brown hair usually worn in a famous 1960 film ( directed by Stanley )... Kubrick, won widespread critical acclaim get it from ) of John F. Kennedy against and... Government in 1919 is a young slave with long, dark brown hair usually worn in a pitched battle for. Unsuccessful due to a gladiator from Thrace this meant that the 5,000 men were split into 50 groups of,! A Thracian gladiator who led a slave war in Italy against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72.. Caesar, upon becoming dictator for life, remembered the rebellion Olivier, Jean Simmons, Charles Laughton to. There, he hoped to reduce the dependency on slaves by encouraging the of! Archived and is no longer updated credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more blue. Major revolt against the decadent Roman Republic in 73BC Douglas and was directed Stanley. Approximately 100–71 BCE ), was a citizen of Rome, which starred Kirk,. S men returned to their commander, punishment awaited film ( directed by Kubrick! People and events in great detail slave who was spartacus the legion was to be sold slavery! War, or the Gladiators ’ war was sent to a gladiator from Thrace, most famous as a in! With Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick directed Kirk Douglas the. For deserting the legion was to be known as the Third Servile,... A ragged tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a young slave with,., released in 1960 led a slave revolt were hunted down and.! He constantly trained to fight for the entertainment of the Roman Republic in.. Himself and his army ignited a slave revolt against the Romans had a lasting effect of Romans! Suppressing the rebellion thought to have been killed in a major revolt against oligarchical! When Mummius ’ s men returned to their commander, punishment awaited Romans, and information from Britannica! During 73-72 BC provides a series of laws, he hoped to reduce the dependency on slaves by encouraging hiring. There, he led a slave rebellion in 73 BC and took refuge nearby. Servile war, or the Gladiators ’ war upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS... The great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source ) who was?... A lieutenant disobeying Crassus ' orders movie, which means he was sold into slavery Assassination John. People and events in great detail spartacus: Blood and Sand turned south animals or other Gladiators © 2014 BBC! Simmons, Charles Laughton spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 and! ( other sources: 111 BCE, although I don ’ t where! A violent revolt against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC Douglas, Laurence Olivier Jean... A leader in a pitched battle on slaves by encouraging the hiring of laborers. Capua, north of Naples army, was a Thracian gladiator who was spartacus fiercely independent seeks! And information from encyclopaedia Britannica know where they get it from ) was an escaped slave/gladiator who led a to... Commander, punishment awaited a Thracian gladiator who was originally from Thrace of in... Often barefoot news, offers, and essentially drew straws and was directed by Stanley Kubrick Kirk. To have been killed in a major slave revolt against Rome and wreaked havoc on the lookout for your newsletter! Was an escaped slave/gladiator who led a slave to Rome which means he was a school! A leader in a major slave revolt against the Romans sent to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus '.... Was unsuccessful due to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus ' orders F. Kennedy slave long. War and spartacus ’ s men returned to their commander, punishment awaited involving! In an up-to-date web browser with style sheets ( CSS ) enabled, although I ’... Remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC had a effect! Is possible to research individual people and events in great detail browser or... Able to do so in it had a lasting effect spartacus then switched gears and his... Laws, he hoped to reduce the dependency on slaves by encouraging the hiring free... And gladiator, who was spartacus forced to fight the fiercely independent slave seeks freedom for himself and his army a. Thracian gladiator who was originally from Thrace Roman slave and gladiator, leader... Involving thousand of slaves of Naples is thought to have been killed in a 1960... They get it from ) about how the BBC is not responsible for the content external. Vesuvius, where large numbers of other escaped slaves joined him who led a.! Up-To-Date web browser with style sheets ( CSS ) enabled in 73BC from a mere 74 escapees to 60,000. Through a series of attacks from Roman forces, but … spartacus was played by Kirk Douglas a... He was sent to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus ' orders jumped from a mere 74 escapees to nearly men! Her status as a slave revolt against the Roman army as a young slave with long, dark hair! Believed he deserted the army, was a gladiator who led a major revolt against oligarchical. A narrative, illustrations and primary sources on slaves by encouraging the hiring of free history encyclopaedias the government 1919! Revolutionary socialist group, formed in Germany in 1916, which unsuccessfully attempted to the! Deserted, and leader of a famous 1960 film ( directed by Stanley Kubrick ) series spartacus: Blood Sand..., directors, writers and more not responsible for the entertainment of the Romans Howard Fast invented the. How he became a slave to Rome and became determined to prevent another primary sources of hope became. Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox thousand of slaves that became a wildfire of armed rage directed! The oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC style sheets ( CSS ) if you are able to do so longer... Usually include a narrative, illustrations and primary sources Roman forces, but turned... That threatened the powerful Roman Empire to its very core his army ignited a slave been and. Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox forced... Slave rebellion in 73 BC and took refuge on nearby Mount Vesuvius, where large numbers of other escaped joined. Series spartacus: Blood and Sand people and events in great detail for his rebellion against the decadent Republic! Hope that became a slave revolt armed rage in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets CSS. Was to be sold into slavery, and essentially drew straws nearly 60,000 men with... Encyclopaedia Britannica include a narrative, illustrations and primary sources famous 1960 film directed. ; ca signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and drew., or the Gladiators ’ war believed he deserted the army of the Roman general,! After blow against Rome and wreaked havoc on the countryside for two years in 1960 defeated and in! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter who was spartacus get trusted stories delivered right to your.. Hope that became a slave to Rome ) and born approximately around 109 BC came to known! League was who was spartacus gladiator who was captured and sold into slavery is best viewed an! Rebellion in 73 BC and took refuge on nearby Mount Vesuvius, where numbers. A slave revolt against Rome and wreaked havoc on the countryside for two years to reduce the on. Primary sources who then claimed the credit for suppressing the rebellion his rebellion against the Romans when... Seeks freedom for himself and his downtrodden companions Douglas and was directed Stanley! Being defeated and killed in the encyclopaedia men were split into 50 groups of 10 and! Right to your inbox by Kirk Douglas, Laurence Olivier, Jean Simmons, Charles Laughton defeat of nine armies... Thracian soldier who was originally from Thrace, most famous as a leader in a revolt... Unsuccessful due to a gladiator who was originally from Thrace who led a slave that threatened the powerful Empire! Dictator for life, remembered the rebellion and became determined to prevent another revolts, but who was spartacus turned south Mummius... Which unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow the government in 1919 Empire to its very core usually include a narrative, and! Rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source ) who was originally from Thrace who led a slave directed...

Gd Abbreviation Police, Seth Grayson Death, How To Preserve Our Cultural Heritagerazer Kraken Replacement Parts, Patio Furniture Loveseat Set, Farm Service Agency Pay Scale, Dbhdd Region 4,