Both of the two recognized varieties occur in NC, the northern var. American hornbeam (carpinus caroliniana) is a wonderful little understory tree, short enough to tuck into small spaces. With progress, most of these uses have become obsolete and the American hornbeam has become a mostly forgotten tree. The trees mentioned in this article (Hornbeam and Hophornbeam) are in the birch family. Found nearly throughout the state, except for the northern and eastern sections where trees cover less of the landscape. Musclewood deserves to be planted more widely as a shade tree. Subordinate Taxa. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America. The American hornbeam is also occasionally known as blue-beech, ironwood, or musclewood, the first from the resemblance of the bark to that of the American beech Fagus grandifolia, the other two from the hardness of the wood and the muscled appearance of the trunk and limbs. Height â 30 to 50 feet (10 to 15 meters) Exposure â full sun Soil â ordinary Foliage â deciduous Flowering â spring American hornbeam:musclewood (Carpinus caroliniana) Pick Another Species New Atlas Available A new, updated version of the Climate Change Tree Atlas is available for American hornbeam:musclewood ( Carpinus caroliniana ) It has many common names, the most common include: blue beech because of its very smooth gray bark, and musclewood referring to its muscle-like branches which are irregularly fluted. American Hornbeam Cultivars Carpinus caroliniana Native Flame ®, Palisade ®, Ball Oâ Fireâ¢, & Rising Fire ®. In a Tree Profile over 10 years ago, I raved about the American hornbeam, Carpinas caroliniana and still feel the same today. It was chosen for its upright growth, reliable form, and especially, for its bright red fall color. The American Hornbeam is botanically called Carpinus caroliniana. May be grown in lawns or naturalized in woodland areas. Plant in the spring. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Carpinus caroliniana . https://www.thoughtco.com/willow-elm-birch-black-cherry-leaf-key-1343490 Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. American hornbeam is a tall shrub or small tree, to 35 feet tall, with pendulous branches and a gray trunk that is fluted into musclelike ridges. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Mammals ranging from rodents and rabbits to fox and deer browse the seeds, bark, wood, and twigs. The hoplike, green fruits are composed of many bladderlike scales, each bearing a small, flat nut. Serrated, elliptic-oval, dark green leaves often produce respectable shades of yellow, orange and red in fall. American hornbeam may be controlled by 2,4,5-T . Also in this family is the somewhat related Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana). It is used for fence posts, fuel, and tool handles. Landscapers generally prefer trees that show faster results. The smooth, gray trunk and larger branches of a mature tree exhibit a distinctive muscle-like fluting that has given rise to another common name of musclewood for this tree. Bark is smooth, tight, thin, bluish gray, sometimes blotched, fluted into muscle-like ridges, hence the other common name, âmusclewood.â. Eastern hop hornbeam is a small tree with wide, spreading branches. It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. Unlike the Eastern Hophornbeam, the wood of the American Hornbeam decays rapidly when in contact with soil. âWoodâ is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature â whether they are âwoodyâ or not. No serious insect or disease problems. Size/Form: Hornbeam is a small to medium tree that reaches heights of 15' to 25'. Species. It is found throughout Ohio.
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